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An ophthalmologist is a type of doctor that is both a Surgeon and a Physician. An Ophthalmologist provides diagnosis and treatment for diseases and injuries on the human eye. Ophthalmologists tend to go through a lot of education and training before they can be a qualified Ophthalmologist M.D. and be able to practice medicine in the field.

A typical training route for an Ophthalmologist is as below:

– Firstly they require entry into Medical School
– Once they’re in Medical School they will typically require 4-5 years studying Medicine to receive a Degree in Medicine.
– Depending on the location of the world they’re in, they will then need to study an extra 4-5 years in the relevant field (Australia & New Zealand) through University which is also similar in the United States.
– In America, they will then need to do a 2-3 year residency in the field where they’ll gather experience, in Australia and New Zealand you will need to practice medicine for at least two years.
– After receiving all the required training they will then be a certified Ophthalmologist and will be able to advance further in their career.

The above is just an example indication of the training required, it varies a lot depending on your location. After working as an Ophthalmologist for a few years and gathering experience you can open up your own practice or surgery as many do when they gather more experience.

Some people may wonder what the difference is between an Ophthalmologist and an Optometrist because, in reality, they’re both specialists for the human eye, but there is actually a large difference between the two doctors.

All eye doctors are trained to provide care to eye patients and check if they need glasses or contact lenses with UV-a and UV-b protection but they’re not actually allowed to perform any surgeries on their patients as they are not medical doctors but merely physicians. To be become qualified as an Ophthalmologist after you have completed the required schooling you will need to pass a two-part exam provided by the American Board of Ophthalmology (Differs in other countries).

What does an Ophthalmologist normally do?

When an Ophthalmologist first sees a patient and before any diagnosis treatment or medication is given they will perform the following checks and examinations:

Visual Acuity.
– They’ll check if you need glasses or contact lenses.
– Series of tests and checks to see eyelid health and function.
– Testing the coordination of your eye muscles.
– Tests to see your pupils reaction towards the light.
– Peripheral vision checks.
– They can also check for pressure inside of your eye.
– Checks in the interior and exterior of the eye.

Once your Ophthalmologist performs these checks they will be able to provide a diagnosis and treatment for your eye/s and this may involve anything from prescribing you with colored contacts for enhancing your eyes beauty or glasses, eye drops, medications or in the cases where it’s required, surgery. Studying to become an Ophthalmologist is a lengthy process, but a rewarding one as the world is in more need of surgeons and physicians according to recent studies and also the salary you’ll be receiving should you wish to take up this role is second to none.